Podocarpus Macrophyllus

Family: Podocarpaceae

Genus: Podocarpus

Botanical Name: Podocarpus macrophyllus

Native to China and Japan, the Podocarpus macrophyllus is also known as Buddhist pine. This specimen is a slow-growing evergreen conifer with dense, pointing, elongated foliage, and it bears small berry-like fruit. In Feng shui, this tree is used to improve the energy flow of wealth.



Commonly shown in formal or informal upright styles, the Podocarpus macrophyllus can also be trained in most bonsai styles.

Location and Position

This tree likes temperatures above ten degrees, making it suitable as an indoor bonsai. It can be kept outdoors from spring to autumn and will appreciate full sun exposure. If kept indoors, a south-facing window is the best place for the Buddhist pine.


As with most bonsai trees, this specimen prefers moist soil. Water it regularly all year round, but avoid soaking wet or extremely dry soil. The Podocarpus macrophyllus enjoys a humid environment and will benefit from a spray of water on the leaves from time to time.


Feed the tree every two weeks from growing season until autumn with a liquid fertiliser and one application of solid slow-release pellets to help it cope with the winter months.

Pruning and Pinching

Structural pruning can be done all year round, and pinching the elongated shoots back to six leaves with a sharp pair of scissors can occur during the growing season.

Repotting and Soil

This tree grows slowly. The best time to repot is when the roots fill the pot or every three to four years. A well-drained, slightly acidic soil mix is the best choice for the Podocarpus macrophyllus. A mix of akadama, pumice, and pine needle mulch in a ratio of 1:1:1 should do the trick.


This task can be carried out at any time of the year. The only requirement is to make sure you do not leave the wires on for too long to avoid scarring.