Botanical name: Buxus Harlandii
Attractive ivory-cragged bark and small, glossy, dark-green leaves are the distinctive characteristics of this evergreen shrub native to Asia that produces small yellowish flowers. The Buxus Harlandii, along with the Buxus Sempervirens, is the species most used as Bonsai out of the seventy species of its kind native to Asia and Europe. As a Bonsai, the Buxus Harlandii is grown indoors or outdoors depending on the geographical area or the season.
The Buxus Harlandii can be trained in several styles, such as broom, slanting, formal and informal upright, windswept, forest, and literati on the rock.
Location and Position
The Buxus Harlandii doesn’t tolerate frost and should be kept indoors by a south-facing window or in a greenhouse when temperatures drop below ten degrees. However, it appreciates being outdoors in the spring to summer.
Keep the soil moist at all times, and water it frequently during the summer ideally with rainwater, but normal tap water will do just fine. Always avoid waterlogging and excessive dry periods.
Use a liquid fertiliser every two weeks in the spring to summer, and switch to solid fertilisers once a month in the fall. Fertiliser should ideally be organic.
Pruning and Pinching
This plant is very forgiving to hard structural pruning and deadwood works such as carving, jin, or shari, making this specimen ideal for Bonsai. Allow new shoots to grow and then pinch back to two pairs of leaves to shape.
Repotting and Soil
From spring on, repotting can be done every second year; this plant reacts quite well to root pruning. Use a well-drained soil mix, such as Akadama and pumice, in a ratio of 2:1
Wiring can be attempting year round but can also prove to be challenging. The bark heals very slowly from wire scars, and the lignified branches snap very easily.